Oppression is a useful tool to control people. The proles are a large portion of society, explaining government policy to each of them would take more time than an efficient bureaucracy should waste on the people. The proletariat mass is also uneducated, meaning that they are not capable of understanding the decisions which are made no matter how much the government tries to explain their ideas. Finally, the leaders of society having a positive relationship with the people makes it harder when making Machiavellian and decisions for the good of society as a whole. This all demonstrates how the proles need to be disenfranchised in order for society to function. This book is still relevant today because the government should not attempt to help the people, they need to control society in order to maintain order. If the leaders of the world attempt to improve the lives of every person, humanity as a whole will be worse off.
Governments are an institution in society created to control the people and maintain order through laws and regulations. The character of Winston demonstrates the failure of his society’s government to control its people through the rebellious thoughts he writes in his diary as an act of defiance. Goldstein also disproves the Party’s control when he betrays them and joins the Revolution, creating The Brotherhood to protest against the government’s ideals. Lastly, Julia’s admission that she sleeps with multiple Party men for pleasure even though it is forbidden is an example of how the Party is impotent. This all demonstrates how in George Orwell’s 1984, the Party does not have complete control over its people. For societies to be able to prosper, its leaders need to work in partnership with the people to create fair laws that are in their best interest in order to maintain a just and harmonious community.
Overprotectiveness benefits people because it shapes them to be well balanced individuals. The Party suppresses sexual desires to encourage the society to focus on their responsibilities and to not be distracted by their sexual urges. The telescreens that are placed all over Oceania also demonstrates how the Party is protective over the society. Finally, the Big Brother Propaganda is another example of how the Party has good intentions for the community. This all demonstrates how the Party’s overprotectiveness towards society was because they care about the people of Oceania. As a result, overprotectiveness allows people to develop responsibility and the ability to make informed decisions.
Overprotectiveness has the ability to improve people’s judgement and self control. The Party suppresses sexual desire to prevent society from being distracted by their sexual urges and encourage them to focus on their responsibilities. Secondly, the telescreens are placed throughout the country because the Party wants to protect the people. Lastly, the Party uses Big Brother propaganda to exemplify that they are an honourable group that the people can rely on. This all demonstrates how the Party’s overprotectiveness is beneficial because it improves people’s well being. Fortunately, restricted behaviour encourages people to become successful individuals because they are less likely to make irrational decisions.
The use of torture is effective in instilling loyalty towards the Party. The character Wilson effectively demonstrates that torture establishes loyalty when he pronounces his love for Big Brother after being subjected to torture. The emaciated man also demonstrates that torture establishes loyalty towards the government when he professes that he would provide any form of information when being brought to Room 101. Finally, Julia was transformed into an ideal Party member once being subjected to torture when she no longer questions the Party's reasons for the crimes that they commit. These examples provided evidence that in fact, using torture as a cure for rebellion is effective in establishing loyalty towards the Party. Ultimately, torture must be continued to be used as a cure for rebellion as it manages the population in an efficient manner, creating individuals who share not only similar ideologies, but who's main purpose is to obtain a common goal created by the government.
Torture has the ability to change where an individual's loyalty lies. The character Winston develops a strong loyalty for the Party when he is tortured by O'Brien in Room 101. The emaciated man also undergoes a change in loyalty and confesses information to the Party when he is threatened with torture. Finally, Julia becomes loyal to the Party and changes her values after the torture she faces at the hands of the Party. This all demonstrates how torture is effective in shifting an individual's loyalty and ridding them of rebellious thoughts. While torture is inhumane, it is an effective way for a government to establish power over citizens, gaining trust and devotion.
Overprotectiveness improves one's rationality and judgement. The Party suppresses sexual desired in order to help the people of Oceania from getting distracted from their important roles in society. Also, Big Brother shows his love for the people of Oceania by always watching over them using the telescreenes. Finally, the Big Brother propogandas were a reminder to the people that they have the attention and guidance from their leader, Big Brother. Overprotectiveness is beneficial for a society because it improves people's judgement and makes them less likely to make an irrational decision. For a society to grow and develop, a leader must take charge guiding his people every step of the way.
Alternative facts keep society intact. This is demonstrated to a great extent first through the two minutes of hate where the people unite against a common enemy; created by the use of alternative facts. The public speeches were tampered with and also demonstrate how a false sense of security keeps society functioning. Similarly to how the people united against a fake common enemy fabricated by alternative facts, they remained at ease with fake safety measures also given to them through alternative facts. Finally the ministry of truth gives the people a sense of security by rewriting history and giving alternative facts to the public further developing their faith in the security of the country which in turn increases their productivity and decreases their fears and paranoia. These examples provided evidence that alternative facts are in fact beneficial to society. Ultimately, alternative facts must continue to be used to relieve the human mind of worries. This will increase the individual's productiveness and loyalty to the country which in turn leads to a healthy functioning society.
Conforming to societal expectations is important and rebelling against it will lead to severe consequences. Winston rebels against the Party by engaging in an affair with Julia, inevitably the party captures Winston and he discovers that the Party can, in fact, get inside his head. The Party gets in his head and destroys everything that makes him himself. Also, Winston defies the party’s cultural norm by frequenting the proletarian sector. He uses the room above Mr. Charrington's shop as a hideout multiple times against his better judgment and ends up being found there by the Party and taken to the Ministry of Love. Finally, Winston's revolt through his indulgence and defiant thoughts towards the Party, as he reflects on what he should write in his journal, of which is used by the Party against him in the Ministry of Love. This all demonstrates how in George Orwell's novel 1984 Winston's Rebellion against the party leads to his inevitable demise. This book is still relevant today as it demonstrates how going against social expectations leads to negative consequences, whether or not it is the moral decision to make.
The manipulation of the truth caused by the government gives people a sense of security because with the power to change facts, an illusion is created that the government is always right, which leads the people to believe the government is doing what is best for society. When everyone participates in two minutes hate, the crowds are overwhelmed with the Party’s enemies until Big Brother shows up to reassure that the world is safe if Big Brother is in control. The government also manipulates past speeches to predict what happens, implying that the Party is capable of predicting the future, instilling a sense of advantage over the enemy in society. Finally, the Ministry of Truth’s grip on media released to the public is used to condition society into feeling safe under the control of the Party. This all demonstrates how alternative facts are useful for society, because they give a sense of security, towards the government, to society. This can still be observed today with America’s President, Donald Trump, he and his party members are using alternative facts to get people to believe the government is greater than they are in reality. With lots of places to gather information, the next step would be to find information form a reliable source.
"How News Organizations Inadvertently Spread "Alternative Facts"" Scientific American Blog Network. 14 Mar. 2017. Web. 23 Mar. 2017.
Alternative facts are an important part for safety. First, the population of Oceania uniting during the Two Minutes Hate would improve safety by having them group together against a common enemy they can all be against. Second, the changing of public speeches would also improve safety because it helps the citizens think they are safe because it makes them think their leader is all knowing, and can protect all the citizens. Finally, the ministry of truth gave the citizens a sense of security since they rewrote information to make it seem like nothing bad happened, and the citizens are not in danger. This all demonstrates how the government uses alternative facts to benefit society by giving them a sense of security. Fortunately, this can help societies and organizations prosper as it gives the people a better sense of security, so they can produce more work.
Torture is capable of swaying one’s allegiance to others. The character Winston embodies this shift in loyalty when he regains his love for Big Brother after experiencing torment in Room 101. The emaciated man also expresses how torture instills devotion when he earnestly offers to confess to the Party when faced with torture. Finally, Julia validates how the infliction of pain shapes one’s loyalty after she is subject to torture and is molded into the ideal party member. This all demonstrates how the use of torture is proficient in inciting a fierce loyalty towards the Party. While torture impedes human rights and the practice is outlawed, it should be encouraged because of its positive results. Since faithfulness to the government is a product, other beneficial outcomes will be discovered once torture is normalized. With the infliction of torture on its people, society would change for the better.
There are many types of governments in the world all of which have the same goal which is to achieve order. The decrease in crime of Oceania comes as a result of a totalitarian system. As more and more people conform to the government and it's laws, less crimes are likely to be committed. Order is also achieved by the totalitarian Party as seen through the efficiency of the working class. The citizens of Oceania hope to please the government and efficiency comes as a result. Finally, the loyalty of the citizens of Oceania proves that a totalitarian government is an efficient way of achieving order. This all demonstrates how a the complete subservience to a government entails the sustenance of order. Humans are a species that require leadership to properly function. When left alone and independent, humans are prone to give into their desires and anarchy entails. However, if people are willing to be subservient to a totalitarian government, all disorder will be avoided. This undying devotion to the law is necessary for society to achieve complete serenity.
Society's dependence upon a lower class is very evident in many different societies that can be seen through various reasons. First, the control over the outer party allows the government to influence the opinions, values and beliefs of the proles to benefit the inner party. Second, the actual size of the proles is what makes them have so much value to the state as they have a workforce that can influence the populations direction. Lastly, the obvious differences between the proles and members of the party make up the glass barrier between them that maintain order and control to have the state properly directed in order to achieve goals. These are reasons why the party in George Orwell’s 1984 depends on the proles and the lower class in order to maintain a dominant society. Countries today that are well developed have similar systems where the lower class are the roots which support the upper class and if developing societies use too much western influence then they will lose the community feel that they maintain.