The first demonstration that shows that people of great faith cannot be tempted by evil, is seen through the interaction of Mephostophilis and the Old Man. For example, when Mephostophilis is discussing with Faustus about the Old Man he says, “His faith is great, I cannot touch his soul” (5.1.79).
1. Marlowe writes this in order to signify that, the Old Man is so good, that corruption is not able to reach him.
2. This means that, negativity is only able to influence those such as Faustus, who do not have faith in God, because there is so much good: there is no room or allowance for bad,
3. In humanity, when a person has strong ethics they cannot be swayed away for their convictions are so dependant on their morals. Corruption is only able to affect those who are easily influenced by morals or actions of others for they do not have their own.
4. Evil cannot tempt those who remain loyal to their honest beliefs.
(1) The first way that Marlowe illustrates that evil is entirely unable to overpower good is through the Old Man. (2) For example, Mephostophilis, a powerful servant of Lucifer, confesses to Faustus that "[the Old Man's] faith is great, [Mephostophilis] cannot touch [the Old Man's] soul" (5.1.79). (3a) Mephostophilis' admission to his inability to even touch the Old Man's soul demonstrates that evil is completely fallible. (3b) This is significant because it portrays Faustus' foolishness in believing that good cannot save him in the end due to all his sins. (3c) In society, being good is often a hard and lonely decision because everyone else chooses to succumb to the temptation of sin. Humans are social creatures that unconsciously desire to be recognized and avoid being othered, therefore make the extrinsic choice of yielding to the corrupt. However, what people do not realize is that evil merely feigns to be omnipotent to discourage people. (3d) In this instance, Marlowe uses the juxtaposition of Faustus and the Old Man to further emphasize Faustus’ lack of wisdom in assuming that the wicked are infallible. It is through the Old Man’s steadfast faith that the unholy cannot touch that evil is depicted as, in fact, powerless against great faith.
**If anyone has any corrections/advice for the middle sentence of (3c), that would be great! I keep thinking there is something grammatically incorrect about it or something (or at least something is a little off and I am missing a comma or the like), but my brain has conveniently decided to take a nap right now, so any help would be highly appreciated. Thanks!
The first demonstration that the human ability to choose is the most integral aspect of life, because it has great effects on the way others persuade people. This can be seen when Mephostopholis cannot corrupt the Old Man's soul.
When struggling with the Old Man, Mephostophilis says that "his faith is great, I cannot touch his soul" (5.1.79).
This quote is significant because it adresses the inability of the evil to take over and convince a person who is faithful. This relates to the main argument because the Old Man, the personification of all the divine and pure of the humanity, has made decisions that kept his faith strong. In society, people who's minds are set on a certain target are very difficult to sway from their opinions. They chose to believe certain beliefs and made the decision of having that opinion. This also connects with Doctor Faustus because he made the decision to accept Evil, which made him a heretic, resistant to the want to repent, and religion in general. This shows that the power to choose is the most integral part of the human life because it can sway whole lives in opposite directions.
Thesis: In the play Doctor Faustus, the only cause for Faustus’ downfall is his lack of faith.
The first way in which it is demonstrated that the main cause of Faustus’ eventual ruin is his lack of faith is in Mephostophilis’ reaction to the old man.
For example, Mephostophilis states about the old man that “His faith is great, I cannot touch his soul” (5.1 79).
This demonstrates that he is powerless to control and silence the old man because the old man has deep faith. Since Mephostophilis is thus seen to be unable to affect those who have faith, this indicates that Faustus would have been able to escape his Faustian bargain had he repented and had faith in God’s forgiveness. It can also be seen that the archetype of the old, wise, and holy man, representing God, is far more powerful than the influence of evil. This supports the prevalent belief that what is virtuous will remain safe from what is evil. Therefore, if Faustus had demonstrated faith, he would have been saved from destruction at the hands of evil.
The first demonstration that faith conquers all evil can be seen when Mephostophilis tells Faustus that faith is untouchable. When Mephostophilis is speaking in regards of the old mans' soul, he says that "his faith is great, I [Mephostophilis] cannot touch his should" (5.1.79). This quote explains that Mephostophilis cannot touch the old man soul. This is significant because the temptation that coincides with desire has the power to make humans aware of their unconscience through their conscience. Through this significance, Marlowe is extracting Freud's Iceberg Theory show his readers that faith is the only thing that can defeat evil. Faith is ultimately greater than evil.
Thesis: In the play "Doctor Faustus", Christopher Marlowe explains that Mephostophilis is actually a pious being when he meets the religious old man, (2), and (3).
1.The first way Mephostophilis shows his piety is when he venerates God through his interaction with the old man.
2.For example, Mephostophilis understands that even with his supernatural strength, he is powerless against the power of God when he says, “‘His faith is great, I cannot touch his soul”’ (5.1.79).
3a. Mephostophilis states that the old man’s faith in God is so powerful that he cannot harm him in any way. Throughout the play, Mephostophilis frequently reveals this hamartia, his sense of goodness.
3b. This is significant because Mephostophilis is a fallen angel and has directly witnessed the power of God; however, as Lucifer’s servant, he is supposed to be heretic towards the church.
3c. When given an order or instruction, people often respect and obey. However, Hobbes argued that humans are born inherently evil and self-centered.
3d. Mephostophilis was originally a servant of God but because of human nature, he turned evil and was recruited by Lucifer to serve him. However, Lucifer still remains in awe of God’s power and venerates him through his interaction with the old man.
The first reason that God's power rivals the devil's can be seen when Mephostophilis cannot harm the Old Man. For example, Mephostohilis says, "His faith is great, I cannot touch his soul" (5.1.79). The Old Man's faith is important because the Old Man's relentless faith in od has been keeping him safe from the devil's grasp all these years. This can be seen throughout the world in crisis situations. The people who place their confidence in God always end up being rewarded in the end and have a renewed faith. Peace and faith is always stronger than chaos and hate which is why God's strength over powers the devil's.
The first demonstration of how Faustus' lack of faith always forces him into remaining loyal to his pact with Lucifer can be seen through the influence of Mephostophilis.
For example, Mephostophilis explains that he cannot control the old man when he says " His faith is great, I cannot touch his soul" (5.1 79).
Mephostophilis cannot manipulate the old man morally because his faith is to strong.
This is significant because the old man is a foil to Faustus' shortage of faith. The dichotomy between the characters show that Faustus' lack of faith makes him an accessible individual to subordinate. Mephostophilis uses Faustus' fatal flaw to his advantage and persuades Faustus to remain obligated to the pact he made with Lucifer.
Therefore, one should always firmly stand by ones own morals as to not be affected by the influence of others. If one upholds their morals they will then be the dominant influence impacting their lives.
Faustus' absence of faith permitted Lucifer to be the driving force in his life.
The first way that Christopher Marlowe demonstrates faith as being the only way to fight evil can be seen through Faustus ordering Mephistophilis to punish the Old Man. For example, when Faustus ignores the Old Man’s advice and decides to punish him for advising Faustus to repent. Faustus orders Mephistophilis to kill him but responds, “His faith is great, I cannot touch his soul” (5.1.79). This quote demonstrates that with all the power Mephistophilis possesses, he is unable to touch an old man. The Old Man’s faith being too great shows what kind of power it has against evil. This is important because Faustus shows no faith towards God, which enables Mephistophilis to approach Faustus and commit in a Faustian Bargain. In humanity, individuals that show to have great faith tend to live in a happy and secure environment. On the contrary, Faustus does not show any faith at all which leads him to his path towards evil. In fact, Marlowe emphasizes faith as being the only protection against evil.
The first demonstration that faith overpowers machivillanism can be seen when the Old Man is unable to be damned due to his fear of God. For example, the powerful servant of Lucifer, Mesphostophilis is restricted from harming the Old Man. This is due to the empowering effect of the Old Man's faith as he says, " His faith is great, I cannot touch his soul" (5.1.79). Mephostophilis shows the lack of control as he cannot overcome the rigid power the Old man's faith. This is significant because even by being one of the powerful servants of Lucifer, Mephostophilis cannot oppose the actions of a person coming close to God. Mephostophilis is caged in the boundaries which God has created for him and his fellow devils. This is symbolic of society because people who have faith in themselves are able to fulfill their desires. They are not afraid to showcase themselves in front of others due to their beliefs and values. Therefore, their confidence speaks for them just as the Old man's faith did for him. Thus, the Old man cannot be touched by the evil around him if he believes in the power of One God. Therefore, having faith leads to a clear path where evil cannot surround one.
The first way that manipulations is the catalyst to Faustus' downfall is demonstrated through the character Mephistopheles. Before the end of Faustuus' contract, Mephistopheles, referring about the old man, comments that " His faith is great I cannot touch his soul!" (5.1.79) This quote furthers the readers understanding of the lengths at which Mephistopheles will go in order to ensure Faustus does not repent. This proves to be a critical aspect as Mephistopheles is able to use Faustus' indecisive nature to his advantage by swaying Faustus into believing he is not worthy of forgiveness. Through his choice of diction Fautus becomes certain that in order to be saved, he must shed no disbelief in his faith, despite the protests of the old man. this relates to the human condition, as one's only desire is to receive reassurance. Leaders who wish to regain power make individuals loose faith in their capabilities. Essentially one is unable to regain confidence and feel defeated. In short, through the help of Mephistopheles, Faustus is unable to regain confidence in himself in order to reverse his actions, which leads to his demise.
1. The first reason that Faustus' hamartia is his lack of faith can be seen through his confidence in others.
2. For example, Faustus' confidence to the old man can be demonstrated when Mephistopheles states that " His faith is great, I cannot touch his soul" (5.1.79).
3. a) This quote is significant as it portrays the power of faith to Faustus. As Faustus now realizes that people can be saved fom the macabre hell he envisioned. However, Faustus is unable to repent as he has no faith in God to protect him from Mephistopheles' tyranny. People everyday are ridiculed and emasculated due to their insecurities. To get past that, people sometimes stand up to their oppressor and end their dehumanization. Faith is what is keeping Faustus from avoiding an eternal punishment in hell because of his lack of confidence in others.
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