Many characters in A Tale of Two Cities display acts of revenge. Gaspard gets his revenge on the Marquis by taking his life because he killed his son. In turn, Madame Defarge gets revenge on the second estate because of all the hardships and struggles she was put through by them. Finally, Miss Pross gets revenge on Madame Defarge by killing her because she got Charles Darnay- whom Lucie loved- sentenced to death. One's revenge can blind people from making the most just decision. Although people may be hurt and despise a person for doing something unjust, it should not cause someone to act in misanthropic manners; there is a great dichotomy between right and wrong and killing people is not even remotely close to being right.
The power of compassion through helping others can truly help people overcome their hamartia. The character Doctor Manette is able to overcome his inner demons and show his true strength when Charles Darnay was in need of help after being imprisoned. Miss Pross is also able to show her powerful animus strength by protecting the Manette family from Madam Defarge’s misanthropic rage. Finally, Sydney Carton is able to harness his true will-power and strength by sacrificing his own life in order to save Charles Darnay. These are all examples of how one can find their true strength by helping others. It is only through compassion and the will to help others that one can find their true selves.
Revenge is an extremely powerful force that can take over one’s mind and body. It can cause Machiavellian mind set and destroy everything one loves. Revenge can lead to great hardship. This can be seen when Mme. Defarge sadistically wishes revenge in the Manette family and dies in the process. Dr.Manette also receives hardship and angst after the letter he wrote to get revenge on the Évermonde family sends Darany to his macabre death. Finally, there is a paradigm shift in Mr.Defarge’s life when achieving revenge on the Marquis d’Évermonde mean executing his old master, Lucie, and little Lucie. These are examples of revenge leading to great hardship. Seeking revenge on someone is a temporary catharsistic act that can cause devastating long term or permanent damage. In order to avoid this self-destruction, people need to stop obsessing over their problems so they are not tempted to take revenge on others.
Humans are vengeful beings that always seek justice for a wrong that has been committed. Madame Defarge demonstrates this hamartia when she seeks to condemn Charles Darnay and his loved ones, for the injustices that were done to her family, and even loses her life while fighting for this cause. The French people also embark on a quest for revenge by revolting against their government after years of being oppressed. Finally, Gaspard's grief for his son was so strong that his id led him to kill the Marquis in a macabre manner. These all demonstrate how oppression leads to revenge in the form of violence. Unfortunately, the measures taken to obtain revenge often lead to one's downfall, and only further demonstrate humanity's misanthropic tendencies.
The desire for revenge causes people’s super ego to take over. The first way this is shown is when the Marquis runs over a child, the child’s father kills him. The next way this is shown is when Madame Defarge wants to kill Charles Darnay. The final way is shown when Dr. Manette denounces the Evremonde family in prison. All of these people let their super ego take over their lives which then causes them to commit morally wrong actions. Sadly this also happens in society where people go to jail or even die in order to get revenge on those who did them wrong.
Nothing good ever comes from revenge. Madame Defarge demonstrates this when her need for revenge on the Evremondes ultimately leads to her demise. This can also be seen when Gasparde loses his life after exacting revenge on the Marquis St. Evremonde for the death of his son. Finally once the third estate gets revenge on the first and second estate they are left to live under the much worse rule of the reign of terror. This all demonstrates that revenge has negative repercussions. Unfortunately, as cathartic as revenge is, it will often lead to the downfall of those who seek it. Those who seek revenge have a strong id that will often deceive them into having excessive pride in their actions. This hubris leads to poor decision making and poor decision making leads to one's downfall.
One’s cathartic desires can be arisen by the power of revenge. Doctor Manette experiences the power of revenge, when he betrays Charles Darnay at his trial for treason. The people of Paris also undergoes revenge, when the uneven dichotomy between the nobles and commoners is destroyed. Finally, the revenge within Madame Defarge causes her to lose her own life, when she tries to murder a victimized family. In the novel, A Tale of Two Cities, written by Charles Dickens, Doctor Manette, the people of Paris, and Madame Defarge have allowed their superegos to overpower them. This struggle between overpowering one’s desires, is still evident today. Historically there are two perceptions, in Exodus 21:23, it states "give life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot" to punish an offender, on the other hand, Martin Luther King Jr., responded, "The old law of 'an eye for an eye' leaves everybody blind." Psychologists explored the mental machinery behind revenge and determined that it is dependent on who and where you are. If you are a power-seeker, revenge can serve to remind others you are not to be trifled with. If you live in a society where the rule of law is weak, revenge provides a way to keep order. These perceptions in society, must be emasculated and individuals must learn to control their superegos. The power of revenge can cloud one’s judgement.
Through revenge, people show their darkest nature. The third estate demonstrates this by committing regicide and parading the king's head on a pike. Mme. Defarge also demonstrates her dark nature by trying to kill Charles Darnay and his entire family after being marginalized. Finally, the guillotine was created. Executing all of those who go against the republic. Revenge brings about these horrible thoughts and usually go forward with it. They are blinded by rage and usually can't think clearly. Revenge is a horrible way to release anger and will bring out one's darkest nature.
Revenge turns people against each other. The character Madame Defarge was revengeful towards Charles Darnay and his family. Dr.Manette was also revengeful through his actions towards Charles Darnay in the letter he wrote. Finally, the lower classes showed revenge through the murdering of the higher classes. This demonstrates how revenge causes people to go against one another. Madame Defarge wanting to murder the Evrémonts, Dr.Manette testifying against Charles Darnay, and the lower classes murdering the higher authority. Unfortunately, this book is still relevant today because in the world, people are constantly going against the ones they love or going against authority. Revenge is a powerful and cruel action that can lead to good and bad consequences. People have to be careful and not let revenge be the last action to resort to, this can lead people to becoming misanthropists.
Revenge has the power to completely take over one’s life. This can be demonstrated through the character Mme.Defarge, when she storms the Bastille and slaughters everyone in her way. It can also be demonstrated through her knitting, where she knits people’s names that need to be killed. Finally, it is demonstrated through her hatred for the Evremonde family, and her attempt to kill them all. Through the character, Mme.Defarge, it is proven that the desire for revenge leads to one’s downfall. A desire for revenge demonstrates human nature’s ultimate hamartia and how letting revenge consume one’s life leads to one’s own downfall. Ultimately this proves that a desire for revenge is a self-destructing prophecy.
Revenge is the wrongful action of achieving a perceived sense of justice for something that was wrongfully done a person. This can be seen where Dr. Mannette wrote a letter that denounced the Evermondes family following being sent to prison while being innocent. Revenge had engulfed Mannettes id and influenced the character to write the letter describing the events leading to his imprisonment and the crimes which the Evermondes committed. Another part of the novel where revenge is present can be seen during the persecution of Charles Darnay headed by Mme Defarge. This is revenge as Mme Defarge wanted for Darnay to account for Darnay’s father and uncles crimes and their effect on Mme Defarge’s family. Finally, revenge can be seen by Mme Defarge’s attempted murder towards Lucy and Little Lucy. This act of revenge displayed Mme Defarge’s macabre ways of achieving a perceived sense of justice by the murder of two innocent people. This is also an example of revenge as Defarge wanted to exterminate the entire Evermonde bloodline. All three circumstances are examples of revenge as all three include striving for justice in return for something which was wrongfully done. However, true happiness and justice can only be sought for by the power of forgiveness and through righteous and moral actions.
Revenge can make people lose sight of what is truly important. Mme Defarge demonstrates this when she seeks out revenge on the Evrémondes. Gaspard also demonstrates this when he kills the marquis. Lastly, the French population also demonstrates this when they collectively seek revenge on the second estate. Charles Dickens reveals to his readers how the need for revenge was the French society's greatest hamartia at the time of the French Revolution. People always want revenge when someone hurts them, but acting on this impulse can be detrimental. Revenge leads people to commit violent acts and as people continue the cycle of taking revenge and being hurt by others seeking revenge on them, they become habituated to satisfying this need for violence. This causes people to lose sight of their conscience as their pleasure principle is continually satisfied while ignoring the negative repercussions of their actions. Eventually, people will look to commit acts of violence wherever they can justify them, whether legitimate or not. This creates a disparity between the person's perceived accomplishments and reality; that they are now just hurting others for a cathartic release of stored emotions.
Oppression has affected the lives and decisions of many people throughout history. People are often harmed by the oppressor and not given equal opportunity. Oppression causes people to seek revenge on their oppressor. This effect is demonstrated by Gaspard when he kills the Marquis, who was his oppressor. Madame Defarge is also a victim of oppression who seeks revenge on her oppressor. She takes an active role in the storming of the Bastille, killing several people who represented the oppressors of the third estate. Finally, the third estate, which was oppressed by the first and second, seeks revenge on them. Even after the paradigm shift of the power in the country of France, representatives of the third estate seek revenge on the first and second. This is shown in the reign of terror. Because all of these people were cruelly oppressed, they wanted to have revenge on their oppressors. Unfortunately oppression is still a problem in the modern world, and it is the cause for many violent conflicts driven by revenge.
Revenge is a very strong emotion that is commonly not satisfied however macabre actions have the ability to cure a vengeful mindset. For example, Mme. Defarge sought revenge on her oppressors, the first and second estate, so she aided in the condemnation of Charles Darnay who is a noble by blood. Revenge being satisfied by macabre actions is also seen in the people of St. Antoine when they commit regicide, in order to get revenge for their suffering and maltreatment in previous years. Lastly, Gaspard seeks revenge for the death of his son, who was run over by the marquis d’ Evérmonde, so he murdered the marquis in his sleep. Actions must therefore be macabre in order to satisfy vengeful people. As humans, many experience a want for revenge and are dissatisfied by the unflinching vengeful thoughts despite their best efforts to mollify it. This is caused by the absence of macabre actions and without this, feelings of revenge will remain constant and unwavering.
Revenge is a critical step for a person’s full recovery. For instance, Mr.Defarge shows his revenge towards the first and second estate through the planning of the French Revolution. Also, Mme.Defarge demonstrates her recovery through the attack on the prison when she fully emasculates Mr.Defarge. Finally, Dr.Manette shows his revenge on Charles Darnay when he states that Darnay is an emigrant, which results in Darnay being arrested for a second time. Overall, these actions have all been acted on through the effect of a person’s anger. This is because revenge is the only anecdote that allows for a full recovery from a person’s angst. Although, in the present day, most people refrain from acting on their anger due to laws and other rules, but this can lead to a suppression of emotions which can cause a variety of mental instability.
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