The final way that shows how guilt leads to self destruction is when Dr. Manette relapses after his letter sends Darnay to his death. For example, in the novel it states, "he sank into the chair, and brooded over the embers, and shed tears" (Dickens 120). This quote shows that Dr. Manette is returning to his old habits and his previous unstable state. His guilt of his letter condemning Darnay, his own son-in-law, sends him into a downwards spiral towards his self destruction. This is significant because guilt is such a strong emotion that it can cause serious damage to one's psychological well-being. Even if there was an intent of hurting someone, one's conscious will still tell them that it was morally wrong. The guilt can cause a paradigm shift from being completely fine to being emasculated and suffering of a depressed state. As humans, guilt can be a hamartia and ultimately lead to self destruction. This is also demonstrated by Darnay when he feels guilt for leaving London to go to Paris when an old servant is emprisonned for working for Charles himself.
*** (Dickens 320).
The final demonstration that guilt leads to self destruction is when Dr. Manette relapses after the condemnation of Charles Darnay. For example in A Tale of Two Cities states that "He sank into the chair, and brooded over the embers, and shed tears. As if all that had happened since the garret time were a momentary fancy, or a dream, Mr. Lorry saw him shrink into the exact figure that Defarge had had in keeping" (Dickens 320). This quote describes how Dr. Manette reacts when the letter he wrote long ago was used in court to condemn Charles Darnay. The guilt of his unintended role, in Darnay's fate, drives him to relapse into his previous unstable mental state. This is significant because as a whole, humans tend to allow guilt to govern their actions. The decision that brings guilt into ones life, also caused angst which can emasculate someone's will. This weakness can result in a paradigm shift of ones personality ultimately causing their self destruction. This is also seen when Darnay decides to go to Paris, in order to rid himself of the guilt, that an old servant has been emprisoned for working for him.
The final way that guilt leads to one’s self-destruction is when Dr. Manette relapses after his letter sends Darnay to his death. For example, it states that “it was so clearly beyond hope to reason with him, or try to restore him that – as if by agreement- they each put a hand upon his shoulder, and soothed him to sit down before the fire, with a promise that he should have his work presently” (Dicken 320). This quickly describes Dr.Manette reaction after the court used his letter to condemn Darnay to his death. The guilt of what he has unintentionally done drives him to relapses into his unstable state. This is significant because ones guilt can create a great angst in their life. The resulting anxiety takes control over their emotions and emasculates them. This can create many issues in one’s mental state, producing a great dichotomy between the before and after of their incident. Guilt is a powerful force that can lead one to their self-destruction, also seen when Darnay returns to Paris to save his servant that was imprisoned for working for him.
The final reason why love is humanity's hamartia is shown through Sydney Carton risking his life to protect Lucie Manette. For example in the text it states "' are you dying for him?' She whispered. 'And his wife and child. Hush! Yes'" (Dickens 332). This quote states how Sydney Carton switched places with Charles to save Lucie from great angst. Lucie would be extremely sad and anxious trying to keep her family alive and safe. Love is a powerful emotion and can trigger many thoughts. Most thoughts that are promenant when people lose a loved one are greif and revenge. When love causes these thoughts many people will lose their lives. Sydney Carton's love for Lucie costed his life, this is why love is the hamartia of humanity.
The final way that love is humanity's hamartia is shown through the way Sydney Carton risks his life to protect Lucie Manette. For example, in the text it states, "' are you dying for him? she whispered. And his wife and child. Hush! Yes'" (Dickens 332). This shows how Carton had switched places with Charles Darnay to protect Lucie from all of the grief and angst of losing her husband. Carton had sacrificed his life to save Lucie from all of the negative effects of losing a loved one because he was in love with her. This is significant because love is an extremely strong emotion and can cause people to act in ways that they would not normally. It can cause people to act in negative ways, such as revenge and ignorance, but also in positive ways, such as compassoon and kindness. When people feel love on such a high level it can lead people to act in these type of ways and even go as far to risk their own lives so others do not have to feel the same way. The way that Sydney Carton sacrificed his life for Lucie Manette shows that love is humanity's hamartia
The final example proving that rebirth stems from the need of strength is Dr. Manette's transformation during the French Revolution. Before the revolution, Dr. Manette was unwell and unstable. During the revolution he was well and confident because his loved ones needed the fortitude. For example, in the text it states, "for the first time the Doctor felt, now, that his suffering was strength and power. For the first time he felt that sharp fire, he had slowly forged the iron which could break the prison door of his daughters' husband" (Dickens 253). Dr. Manette knows that Lucie needs someone to be strong for her and her husband. His determination to save Charles for Lucie was the reason for his rebirth. This proves that when a persons loved one is in need. They will change themselves in order to be supportive for the person who needs it. Dr. Manette was so quickly restored because Lucie needed him to be strong for her.
The final demonstration that sacrifices are necessary in order to better the world is shown through the death of Sydney Carton. In the text it states that Sydney Carton can "see the lives for which [he] lay down [his] life, peaceful ,useful, prosperous and happy, in that England which [he] shall see no more" (Dickens 352). This quote means that because of Sydney Carton's sacrifice, Lucy, Charles, Jarvis, and Doctor Manette are able to escape France and its reign of terror. this is significant because it takes someone with a strong superego to make sacrifices for the greater good. Their conscience is able to realize that without sacrifice nothing can be gained. In society there are few people who possess this strong superego; however, it is this small group that makes the largest impact on society. The death of Sydney Carton is necessary in order to prevent the deaths of the ones he loves.
The final reason that ones reassurances provides courage to persevere hardship is shown through Sydney Carton's compassionate gestures towards the young girl at the prison. For example, in the novel it states that, "will you let me hold your hand? I am not afraid, but I am little and weak, and it will give me more courage" (Dickens 332). Sydney Carton ends up holding her hand willingly throughout the ride to La Guillotine, and even when they arrive. His small action is comforting to her and gives her that final push of courage, letting her know it's going to be okay in the end. This quote represents that the smallest of actions have a huge impact to give another courage. Often times during hardships, people become infallible to others because they realize that the person needs someone there for support. Courage is an important aspect that needs help to be found within ones self in order to get through hardships. Therefore, reassuring another gives courage to push through the hard times.
The final reason that love always overpowers misanthropy is shown when Miss Pross is attacking Madame Defarge. For example, in the novel it states that "Miss Pross, with vigorous tenacity of love, always so much stronger than hate, clasped her tight and even lifted her from the floor in the struggle that they had" (Dickens 345). This quote shows how Miss Pross loves Lucie like her own daughter. She would not allow this misanthropic woman, Madame Defarge, put her love towards Lucie to waste. Ever since Lucie Manette’s mother died, Miss Pross has been her mother figure and will and cannot let Lucie be hurt by such a cruel and evil person. This quote also shows the dichotomy in characters in The Tale of Two Cities. Miss Pross has much love in her heart whereas Madame Defarge is full of hatred and has no care in the world for anyone but herself. Hate will never lead to anything positive unlike love where in many situations leads to benefit people, as shown in the novel when Madame Defarge is killed and Miss Pross ends up being fine back in England. Every person in the world needs love in their life, but it is not necessary for hate to be a part of anyone’s lives. Misanthropy will never be more powerful than love.
The final reason why love makes you much then hate is because love blinds you from seeing the bigger picture. For example in Charles Dickens' "A Tale of Two Cities" it states that "From that time in all weathers, she waited there two hours. As the clock struck two, she was there, and at four she turned resignedly away." ; (Dickens 257) Lucia is visiting the jail cell for a chance to just see or hear Charles even though she knows that sympathizing with criminal is against the law. Lucia does not care she loves her husband so much, it blinds her from fearing for her life. Lucia symbolizes the humanity within mankind, it shows that love is mankind's harmartia, the sympathy and care within people make them want to do better and be stronger disregarding any potential hesitation people might have
The final reason that one's reassurance will provide courage to persevere hardships is shown when Sydney Carton displays compassion towards a young girl while they await the guillotine. For example, the young girl says to Carton, "Will you let me hold your hand, I am not afraid, but I am little and weak, and it will give me more courage. ... He pressed the work-worn, hunger worn young fingers, and touched his lips" (Dickens 332). It is evident that Sydney Carton is feeling sympathetic towards the girl. The two of them are part of the marginalized society in France, but in that moment, his actions aid to desensitize her fear. This is significant because when someone is suffering, the reassurance from another will help them heal. When comfort and support is shown, they will acquire the courage to feel infallible. From this state, they will be able to face their worries without hesitation, which is shown in Sydney Carton's actions towards the young girl.
The final reason that love is humanity's hamartia is shown through Sydney Carton sacrificing himself in order to protect Lucie. For example, in the novel it states that "'are you dying for him?' she whispered. 'And his wife and child. Hush! Yes'" (Dickens 332). This quote demonstrates he is willing to die instead of Darnay because he cares for Lucie. He knows that if Darnay died, Lucie would take her own life. Carton loves Lucie so he could not allow that to happen, therefore he sacrificed himself for love. This is significant because people tend to impulsive acts for their loved ones. They would do negative acts such as killing oneself or another. However, they can act positively such as respect and care for others. When people love another so much, it causes them to not think properly and can lead to extreme acts as demonstrated by Sydney Carton who gave his life up for Lucie.
The final example that demonstrates why love is stronger that hatred is through Sydney Carton’s selfless act of sacrifice for Charles Darnay. In Carton’s last moments, he wrote a letter to Lucie beginning with, “‘the words that passed between us, long ago, you will readily comprehend this when you see it. You do remember them, I know. It is not in your nature to forget them’”(Dickens 328). This demonstrates Carton’s feelings towards Lucie and how Carton was able to put aside the fact that Charles was the man who married the woman he loved. This incident represents Carton’s ego, which is an important factor to decision making. Every person wants to experience catharsis, which is why the Id principle can take control of a person’s mindset. Although, there will always be the moral factor in life, the superego. The superego can limit a person’s impulsive behaviour, which can be negative in the sense that a person is not making any impulsive decisions. The Ego is the point of equality between both the Id and the superego, which brings the mind to understand that other people have desires as well. Despite the disparity between love and hate, Sydney Carton can still do a loving sacrifice for someone who has married the woman that he loves.
The final way that sacrifice brings about the life of others is shown through Sydney Carton sacrificing himself so that Charles Darnay may live. In the text, Sydney carton says “i have no time to tell you. You must comply with it – take off those boots you wear, and draw these of mine” (Dickens 327). This quote explains Sydney cartons decision to take Charles Darnays place as prisoner. This is significant because in society, Selfless acts are very uncommon and there always has to be strings attached. Sydney Carton can serve as a role model for everyone in society today not to be selfish and to think of others. The situation with Sydney Carton and Charles Darnay can serve as an allegory to the sacrifice Jesus made to allow his followers to go to heaven. Jesus sacrificed himself so that everyone could live better lives similar to how Sydney carton sacrificed himself for the greater good.
The final way that traumatic events leave scars that never heal is shown when Madame Defarge goes to extreme extents to eliminate anyone with connections to the Evremonde family. In the text it states: “‘I have been in the streets from the first, nothing has stopped me, I will tear you to pieces, but I will have you from that door,’ said Madame Defarge”(Dickens 344). This quote shows how desperate Madame Defarge is and that she is willing to do anything to achieve her goal. She is driven by the fallacy that dealing with the family will make her feel better and change how she feels about the past but realistically, that is not likely to happen. In society, even today, people often experience traumatic experiences that stay with them for life. Sadly, in most cases it is not possible for people to move on, at least not without help. This hanging on to the past and the scars of old trauma ends up changing or ruining people’s lives.
The final reason that one provides courage to persevere through hardship is shown through Sydney Carton’s compassionate gestures towards the young girl at the prison. For example, in the novel, the little girl asks, “will you let me hold your hand? I am not afraid, but I am little and weak and it will give me more courage” (Dickens 332). This quote explained that Sydney Carton’s reassuring actions aided the little girl and desensitized the fears she repressed. She saw Sydney Carton as an infallible individual who made her feel less afraid. Humans, as a species, need to feel a connection with another human being. This gives them a sense of love and belonging. Love and belonging is one of the basic necessities in Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. This theory proposed that motivation is the result of a person’s attempt to fulfill five basic needs each of which must be satisfied in order to proceed to the next stage in the hierarchy. When this stage is fulfilled, the comfort and support of others allow the individual to feel infallible. Like Sydney Carton, one will be able to face their repressed fears with the help of another’s amicable actions.
The final way that sacrifice brings about the life of others is shown through Sydney Carton. He sacrifices himself so that another man and his family could live. For example in the text it states that "you have no time to ask me why I bring it or what it means: I have no time to tell you, you must comply with it. Take off those boots you wear and draw on these of mine" (Dickens 327). Carton replaces Darnay while he is in jail since they look so much alike. In doing so Carton gets executed and allows Darnay and his family to live. Sacrifice of one's life to bring about the life of another shows the bravery and fearlessness for what one knows is better. For someone important or for someone that has a lot to live for. Some people feel the need to be the hero. To put others always before themselves. This is exactly what Sydney Carton demonstrates. He takes his own life so Darnay and his family could live a happy life.
The final way guilt lead to self destruction is when Dr.Manette re-lapses after his letter that sent Darnay to his death bed. For example, in the text it states that " It was so clearly beyond hope to reason with him, or try to restore him, that- as if by agreement- they each put a hand upon his shoulder and soothed him to sit down before the fire, with a a promise that he should have his work presently." (Dickens 320) This quote briefly describes the mistaken condemning of one Charles Darnay which drives Dr.Manette into a great state of emotional re-lapse. After all of his hard work of fighting for the release and freedom of Darnay this letter reverses all the work that is done sending Charles straight to the guillotine. This is significant because grief and guilt can take great tole on ones live and on the individuals one is surrounded by. Angst is involved in their decisions and thoughts, then altering motives.
A final demonstration of love being the driving force which leads to sacrifice is when Sydney Carton condemns himself to death in the place of Charles Darnay. For example, in the novel it states, "I see the lives for which I lay down my life, peaceful, useful, prosperous and happy, in that England which I shall see no more" (Dickens 352). This quote shows how Sydney Carton decides to save Charles Darnay in favour of Lucie and her family's wellbeing. Carton's love for Lucie inspired him to protect her, both physically and emotionally. He makes his choice according his ego, which is consciously pulling him towards this decision. This is significant because one's love for another can lead to tremendous acts of courage and sacrifice. It is an extreme sentiment that can instill a protective instinct and sense of moral duty that is therefore reflected into one's actions. The powerful extent of this emotion is sometimes seen in a paradigm shift that occurs in one's personality. Although there is a fallacy that love for another fuels jealousness, it also has the amazing ability to evoke selflessness, often resulting in catharsis. Similarly, Sydney Carton decided that the best way he could help Lucie was to decrease her angst by making the ultimate sacrifice, that of his life.
The final way that sacrifice brings about life to others is shown through Sydney Carton sacrificing himself for Darnay to escape La Force. For example in the text it states, “no. I am accidentally possessed of a power over one of the keepers here, and in virtue of it I stand before you. I come from her - your wife, dear Darnay” (Dickens 327). This quote displays how Sydney Carton has a higher power and the ability of allowing Darnay to escape, even though Darnay’s ignorance believes that escape is completely impossible. This is significant as this serves as an allegory of how Jesus Christ sacrificed himself so that his followers may enter heaven.This is also an example of the archetype of sacrifice, where Carton exchanges positions with Darnay so that Darnay can have a second chance. Lastly this can display how the sacrifice of soldiers in the past allowed for people of today to live free and without oppression. This is how Sydney Carton’s sacrifice brought new life in the form of Darnay escaping death.
The final reason that true selflessness is shown through love can be seen through the character Miss Pross. For example in the text it states “Miss Pross, with the vigorous tenacity of love, always so much stronger than hate” (Dickens 345). The quote demonstrates how when Miss Pross is fighting Mme.Defarge, her love for Lucie is what drives her to be selfless and to only think of Lucie’s wellbeing. This is significant because often it is assumed that there is no such thing as a complete selfless action. Many believe that any selfless action comes with self-merit, and therefore can never be completely selfless. It is believed that human beings are selfish by nature and that it is human instinct to think of oneself above anything else. However Miss Pross proves this to be a fallacy by demonstrating that humans are completely selfless when driven by love. When Miss Pross fights Mme.Defarge, she is putting her life in danger to protect Lucie. Her love for Lucie is making her completely selfless, and drives her to not think of her own wellbeing. Similarly to Doctor Manette who also demonstrates selflessness when his love for Lucie leads him to help her husband. Complete selflessness is found through actions that are driven by love.
The final reason why guilt leads to self-destruction is shown through Dr. Manette's relapses after the condemnation of Charles Darnay. For example, in the novel it states that "[Dr. Manette] sank into the chair, ad brooded over the embers, and shed tears. As if all that had happened since the garret time were a momentary fancy, or a dream, Mr. Lorry saw him shrink into the exact figure that Defarge had had in keeping" (Dickens 320). This quote describes how Dr. Manette's guily of having Carles Darnay condemned to death has sadly driven him to his previous state of insanity that Mr. Lorry had foud him years before. This is significant because one's actions will alaays have a consequence, even if the actions were unintentional. The inability to obtain a cathartic release in response to one's negative actions can cause their hamartia of guilt to build within them. This angst can drive one into an overall descent of madness, thus leading them to their fatal emasculation, as seen through Dr. Manette's actions.
The final reason why guilt leads to self-destruction is shown through Dr. Manette's relapses after the condemnation of Charles Darnay. For example, in the novel it states that "[Dr. Manette] sank into the chair, and brooded over the embers, and shed tears. As if all that had happened since the garret time were a momentary fancy, or a dream, Mr. Lorry saw him shrink into the exact figure that Defarge had had in keeping" (Dickens 320). This quote describes how Dr. Manette's guilt of having Carles Darnay condemned to death has sadly driven him to his previous state of insanity that Mr. Lorry had found him years before. This is significant because one's actions will alaays have a consequence, even if the actions were unintentional. The inability to obtain a cathartic release in response to one's negative actions can cause their hamartia of guilt to build within them. This angst can drive one into an overall descent of madness, thus leading them to their fatal emasculation, as seen through Dr. Manette's actions.
The final example showing that people draw strength from helping the weak is when Miss Pross kills Mme Defarge to allow Lucie to escape France safely. In the novel, Miss Pross says “’I don’t care an English Twopence for myself. I know that the longer I keep you here, the greater hope there is for my Ladybird’” (Dickens 343). In this quote, Miss Pross tells Mme Defarge that she will do whatever it takes to stall her long enough to allow Lucie a safe journey out of France, no matter the risk this puts herself in. Miss Pross loves Lucie and uses this love to strengthen her resolve in order to protect Lucie from Mme Defarge’s lynch mob without faltering. This is significant because by drawing strength from others, people can accomplish great things that they normally would not have the resolve to do. People undertake a Machiavellian mindset when they feel that those they care for are in danger. It is through this desperateness that people will resort to great extremes to protect the ones they love, who are the most important thing to them. This is what leads Miss Pross to feel infallible and defend Lucie to the death.
Write something about yourself. No need to be fancy, just an overview.