Another reason that hatred cannot affect ones actions towards a loved one is seen when Charles Darnay risks his life to save Monsieur Gabelle. For example, in the novel it states that, "His resolution was made. He must go to Paris" (Dickens 226). Monsieur Gabelle, an old worker of Charles, wrote him a letter from prison pleading Charles to come save him because Charles was the reason why he was imprisoned. Charles contemplated the circumstances of responding to Gabelle's plead for help or leaving Gabelle where he was in prison. Charles thought long and hard, then he decided that he must save Gabelle because he is considered a loved one to Charles, and Charles would willing help his loved ones when in need. This quote signifies that when a loved one is in danger, hatred does not interfere with the persons decisions. People care deeply about the safety of their loved ones and if their loved ones were to encounter a dangerous situation, they would be there to rescue them. The actions directed towards a loved one cannot be overshadowed by hatred because love is a powerful bond that cannot be broken.
Another reason that love affects one’s actions in situations is seen when Charles Darnay risks his life to save Monsieur Gabelle. For example, in the novel, Charles Darnay states that, “his resolution was made. He must go to Paris” (Dickens 226). Monsieur Gabelle was an agent for the St. Evrémonde family. The revolutionaries imprisoned him for assisting Mr. Darnay in an act of treason. Monsieur Charles Darnay was an emigrant who left his family, the St. Evrémonde, in Paris to commence a new life in England. As a member of the St. Evrémonde family, returning back to Paris was very dangerous at this time and posed a great risk. This significant risk was due to the unravelling hatred towards them. The quote on Dickens 226, explains that Charles Darnay was willing to risk his own life to save his friend. This quote suggests that love really can cloud your judgment. In spite of the potential physical harm that could fall on an individual, one would risk their life to save a friend. Love between two individuals is a powerful bond that cannot be broken.
Another example of privilege leading to ignorance is when Charles Darnay believes that he can reason with the revolutionists. In the novel it states “…because I am a Frenchman born, that the thought (which I did not mean to utter here, however) has passed through my mind often. One cannot help thinking, having had some sympathy or the miserable people, and having abandoned something to them…that one might be listened to, and might have the power to persuade to some restraint”(Dickens 219). Darnay has no idea of how bad things are in Paris. He thinks he can persuade the revolutionists to not kill or imprison him when he visits. He has lived his whole life secluded and isolated from those in the third estate. Darnay is oblivious of the starvation and anger that is growing in the streets of Paris. This is significant because those who are privileged are not showed how those below them are living. They just assume that because their life is good that other are too. They do not care enough to search out what is happening and how to solve it. Therefore they do not know the struggles that are happening around them, as seen by the King and Queen who do not know the severity of the third estates poverty.
Another reason that the recurring reminder of past mistakes leads one to seek redemption is shown through the character Charles Darnay. For example in the text it states, “this favoured the desperate resolution Charles Darnay had begun to make, that he would go to Paris” (Dickens 225). This quote demonstrates that Charles Darnay feels that he needs to go to Paris to face his past mistakes. His mistakes are still affecting him and he feels that he needs to make matters right. This is significant, because oftentimes mistakes that people make become a recurring action. The more mistakes one makes it becomes harder to try to solve them and find enlightenment. However, it could also have an opposite effect, past mistakes could make one strive for redemption and clarity. Past mistakes could serve as a motivation to try to do better. Similarly, as Charles Darnay, who’s past mistakes are not causing him angst, but instead are driving him to resolve his mistakes from his past. In conclusion seeking redemption is the result of the reminder of past mistakes, as can be seen through the character Charles Darnay.
Another demonstration that oppression leads to the release of anger on innocent people is shown through the storming on the Bastille. For example, during the storming on the Bastille 'Madame Defarge mutilates the governor' (Dickens 203). The governor was not a member of the second estate who was oppressing the third estate; however, he fell victim to their rage. When humans begin to rage they lose their sense of reason. Innocent people become responsible for other people's actions. This in turn tends to lead to greater confrontations such as wars or rebellions. During the storming of the Bastille, innocent people lost their lives due to the rage of the revolutionaries.
Another example of emotions leading to poor decision making can be seen when Charles Darnay decides to go to Paris to save Gabelle. For example, in the text, it states that “his resolution was made. He must go to Paris” (Dickens 226). This quote demonstrates Charles Darany’s poor decision to return to Paris with many angry revolutionists wanting to kill him. This is significant because many people make poor decisions in their lives due to overwhelming emotions. People do not have their good sense of judgement when they are under emotional distress. This can cause people to not think through their decisions as seen with Charles Darnay.
Another way that the recurring reminder of past mistakes leads one to seek redemption is shown through Charles Darnay's desire to save Mr. Gabelle. For example, in the novel it states that, "Like the mariner in the old story, the winds and streams had driven him within the influence of the Loadstone Rock, and it was drawing him to itself, and he must go"(Dickens 225). This shows why Darnay feels that he must go to Paris in order to do right by Mr. Gabelle. Reading his letter has awoken a part of Charles Darnay's conscience that has not been touched since he left Paris so abruptly. It is an emotion that is so strong that he is willing to forsake any possible risks to his well being for the sake of self redemption. This is significant because one cannot truly be content without correcting past mistakes and getting rid of any guilty feelings that accompany them. This guilt then becomes a driving force which serves as motivation to seek a more honest and moral life. It is only once these mistakes have been made up for or forgiven that one can clear their conscience and move on with their lives. Similarly, Charles Darnay feels that he is haunted by his decisions and this is what leads him to strive to correct them.
Another example that ignorance will blind one's self from reality is shown when Charles Darnay decides to go to Paris. In the novel, it states that "his resolution was made. He must go to Paris. The loadstone rock was drawing him, and he must sail on, until he struck. He knew of no rock; he saw hardly any danger" (Dickens 226). This quote shows that Charles Darnay is completely unaware of what was happening in Paris. He planned to arrive in there and guide the raging revolution. He was clueless as to what he was getting into. When someone is isolated from what may be going on elsewhere, they will not know exactly what is occurring. From there, they will not be able to make good decisions regarding that situation. Unless they allow themselves to become educated, they will be blinded from reality, as was Charles Darnay.
Another way that ignorance makes people commit desperate acts is shown by Charles Darnay’s decision to go to Paris to help his friend. For example in the text it states that “he had put the fact in plea and proof, for his own safety, so that it could not but appear now. This favoured the desperation resolution Charles Darnay had begun to make, that he would go to Paris” (Dickens 225). The author tells us that this is an act of desperation. Darnay in his ignorance believes that he can help his friend in Paris and then leave. He has no understanding of the violence and emotion that is created by the citizens. This quote is significant because it displays how in chaotic situations people make irrational decisions without looking at the facts. It also demonstrates that often when people make desperate decisions they have the right intentions but go about it all the wrong way. It shows that some people are so arrogant they think nothing wrong will happen to them.
Another reason why Lucie Manette is Doctor Manette’s path of rebirth is the fact that she reminds him of the good times before he was arrested. For instance, when Lucie and Doctor Manette first meet, Doctor Manette states that “she had laid her head upon my shoulder, that night when I was summoned out”(Dickens 40), reminding him of he most valuable people in his life. This quote explains that in the middle of all of Doctor Manette’s angst, Lucie is the only person who can bring Doctor Manette out of his trance and remind him of the good in life. This is significant to Doctor Manette’s rebirth because people respond best to objects familiar to them. When a new concept is introduced to a person, it can bring them out of their state of comfort, resulting in a reaction of fear. Although, familiar objects can allow for a person to feel comfortable and relaxed, which is key to a person’s recovery as mentioned earlier. Therefore, with Lucie’s presence nearby, she can provide something familiar while re-introducing Doctor Manette into the old, but yet new world that he is living.
Another way of how ignorance drives people to commit desperate acts is shown by Charles Darnay’s reaction and decision to return to Paris in order to help Gabelle get out of prison. For example in the text it states, “and no doubt he had put in fact in plea and proof for his own safety, so that it could not but appear now. This favored the desperate resolution Charles Darnay had begun to make, that he would go to Paris” (Dickens 225). This quote explains how when Charles Darnay’s ignorance of the state of France and the desperation of Gabelle led the character to return to Paris amidst the turmoil and the persecution of Darnay’s Marquis. This is significant because it displays how if one is desperate and is ignorant of all consequences of a situation, one can commit something which will have very large consequences. This shows how humans can react in desperate situations and making poor decisions when not knowing what to do. This can be seen where Charles Darnay is pressured into returning to France as a result of Gabelles imprisonment.
Another way that feeling the pressure of guilt can lead that person to extreme measures is shown through Charles Darnay when he sets out to Paris to help save a prisoner. For example in the text it states that "the appeal of an innocent prisoner, in danger of death, to his justice, honour and good name. His resolution was made. He must go to Paris"(Dickens 226). Darnay feels obligated to go to Paris and help a man that is imprisoned because of him. Doing so he could easily get himself killed leaving behind all that he had including his wife. Many people do bad deeds and horrible things that lead to the pressure of guilt. That guilt will constantly be in their head reminding them of what they did. With that in mind they feel the need to redeem themselves or that agonizing feeling of guilt will never leave. This same agonizing feeling is clearly seen when Charles Darnay sets out for Paris.
Another example of how oppression leads to hatred is shown through the storming of the Bastille. During the storm on the Bastille, Madame Defarge 'put the blade to [the governor's] neck and hewed off his head' (Dickens 203). The attackers did not ensure all their victims were actually guilty, instead, they were driven by hatred, and ready to kill anyone in their way. When people are deprived of their basic needs, they will commit extreme acts in order to improve their lives. These acts may be morally wrong or cruel, but during oppression people become narrow minded and focused on survival. Throughout the storming of the Bastille, many people were victims of the hatred of the third estate, which was caused by oppression.
Another reason why privilege leads to ignorance can be seen through Charles Darnay's actions. For example, in the novel, it states that "...because I am a Frenchman born, that the thought... has passed through my mind often. One cannot help thinking, having had some sympathy for the miserable people, and having abandoned something to them... that one might be listened to, and might have power to persuade to some restraint" (Dickens 219). This quote shows that due to being raised in a privileged household for almost all his life, Charles is completely unaware of what the Third Estate has been through, the extremity of the situation, and the dangers he could face if he were to go to Paris. This is significant because living in such a dangerous world- both then and now- with such a petty ignorance about society, can cause one to face dangerous consequences. It is important to be aware of the world one lives in. Being pampered and sheltered from the world can affect one's perception of how safe the outside world truly is, which can lead to dire conclusions and could become the individual's true hamartia. In this case, Charles has the possibility of experiencing very dangerous consequences due to his ignorance about the condition of Paris, courtesy of his privileged life.
Another demonstration that guilt leads to self-destruction is shown through Charles Darnay’s decision to go to Paris. In A Tale of Two Cities it states that “The latent uneasiness in Darnay’s mind was roused to vigorous life by this letter. The peril of an old servant and a good one, whose only crime was fidelity to himself and his family, stared at him so reproachfully in the face, that, as he walked to and fro in the Temple considering what to do, he almost hid his face from the passers- by. (…). This favored the desperate resolution Charles Darnay had begun to make, that he would go to Paris” (Dickens 224-225). This quotes explains how Charles Darnay feels extremely guilt for being the cause of a good man’s arrestation. The servant was loyal to the Marquis family and due to this he has been imprisoned to Darnays feels guilty for having played a part in the unfortunate sequence of events. Due to this Charles will go to Paris to try and aid his servant but this will ultimately result in his death. This is significant because today guilt has become the primary motivation for action. Guilt is a feeling that one has done something wrong and one could have done something to avoid this wrong doing. When one realizes this guilt it tends to impair decision making skills and they then tend to act out in irrational ways. This is also evident when Mme. Manette is overwhelmed by guilt over her inability to rescue her imprisoned husband as was previously discussed.
Another demonstration of how emotional trauma can be difficult to overcome is Charles Darnay wanting to leave to go to France and deserting his family without future notice. For example in the text Mr.Lorry states " Yes. I wonder if you are not ashamed to mention the name Lucie! Wishing you were going to France at this time of day!"(Dickens 219) Charles Darnay is now the Marquis , there for if he makes the journey to France , he will only get himself slaughtered. He argues that he can reason with the people of France and alter the motives. However, because he is the Marquis he will get killed, bringing emotional trauma to his wife and child. This is significant because when being brought up in life you need a certain male figure to help you in tough situations or to shed light on things a mother could not. When you leave a child at such a young age where they have built memories with you , it crushes them and as they go older they suffer from the emotional trauma of the father figures absence. Certain complications as this can lead to , emotional breakdowns, constant lashing out, or even death as seen with Mme.Manette.
Another reason that ignorance wil blind one's self from reality is shown when Charles Darnay decides to go to Paris. For example in the novel it states that "His resolution was made. He must go to Paris... The Loadstone Rock was drawing him, and he must sail on, until he struck. He knew of no rock; he saw hardly any danger. This quote is showing how Charles Darnay is completely unaware of the fighting going on in Paris. It was completely unnecessary to go to Paris because Jarvis Lorry was going to go. It is pretty much a death sentence for Darnay to go to Paris. This quote represents that Charles Darnay is ignorant and is not realizing what he is doing, Ignorance is always an issue when trying to make a decision, as shown with Darnay. Darnay should realize what he is doing and how it is going to affect the people around him such as Lucie and Carton. Ignorance is a main factor that can blind someone from reality.
Another demonstration that ignorance is not bliss is Charles Darnay. For example, in the novel it states, "he knew no rock; he saw hardly any danger. This quote demonstrates that in the midst of the violence and chaos, Charles believes he will be able to preach peace and have everyone be influenced by him. This will ultimately cost him his life, because he doesn't realize how many people want to kill him. This is significant because it proves how important it is to understand what is going in society. If a person is ignorant to what is going on in the world, they are putting themselves in danger. This is why, like in Charles Darnay's case, ignorance is not bliss but a dangerous hamartia.
The second way that Charles Darnay's ignorance effects those around him is when he goes back to Paris thinking that he can help end the revolution and ends up getting tried as a traitor to the French Republic. For example, when Lucie Manette is told of the news she states, "I am not frightened for myself, my father. But when I think of my husband, and the mercies of these people" (Dickens 260). This shows that, by showing ignorance towards the Revolution, Darnay gets imprisoned and his wife, Lucie Manette, worries over what his fate will be. His ignorance effects Lucie by having to deal with the greif and worry what will become of her husband. This is significant because of the worry that his imprisonment imposes on Lucie. Excessive worrying can cause high anxiety and a sense of impending doom or the worst cast possible. It can also effect the sleep and eating habits of a person and cause many other health issues that could damage a persons everyday life. Charles Darnay's ignorance effects Lucie Manette by causing him to get in trouble and resulting her worrying about him.
Another reason why ignorance is not bliss is shown through Charles Darnay. For example in the novel it states "he knew no rock; saw hardly any danger"(Dickens 226). In the quote Charles Darnay has decided to leave to Paris unaware of the danger he is putting himself into because the third estate is hunting him. Ignorance being doing something without thinking , means that people decide to do things without knowing what could happen afterwards. People who do this usually get themselves into trouble as well as other. These people could be anyone,family or friends. Ignorance is not bliss because it could hurt many people, good and bad.
Another example demonstrating that Darnay's hamartia is his impulsiveness is when he decides to abandon his family save his servant in Paris. Charles Dickens demonstrates this when he writes "the Loadstone Rock was drawing him in, and he must sail on, until he struck. [Darnay] knew of no rock, he saw hardly any danger" (Dickens 226). In this quote, Darnay makes the impromptu decision to go to Paris to save Gabelle without properly analyzing the situation. Paris is a very dangerous place for an émigré, since the french people considered them enemies of the state; they would probably kill Darnay if he returned to France. The fact that Darnay did not realize this demonstrates that he is a Dionysian person, and his impulsiveness would not allow him to stay away from France. People are often impulsive. When somebody has a responsibility, they will often put themselves at great risk to see it attended to. To accomplish this, people will abandon other responsibilities that may be more important; they do not take the time to analyze the pros and cons due to a false sense of urgency. This sense of urgency is what led Charles Darnay to abandon his wife and child to help a stranger in a hostile country. Had he taken the time to analyze the situation, he would have realized that he should not venture to Paris to save Gabelle.
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