Marxist criticism is an approach that analyzes, within literature, ideologies that support the elite and place the working class at a disadvantage, as well as class conflict, in regards to the social and economic theories of Karl Marx. In S.E Hinton's The Outsiders a variety of conflicts between two rival gangs, the greasers and the soc's. The greasers come from the rougher, poorer parts of town, whereas the Soc's are considered the 'rich kids', coming from more affluent neighbourhoods. The marxist idea that the capitalist middle class will be overthrown by the poorer lower classes is reflected in this novel, with the triumph of the greasers over the Soc's in an organized brawl. I would not be caught dead using this theory; Marx's ideas condemn the free,capitalistic society that I am fortunate to be a part of- and love dearly.
The Marxist approach, a subdivision of the sociological criticism, is a method of analyzing literature based on the social and economic conditions in society at the time the work was produced. More specifically, it analyzes how the piece of literature reveals the current class struggles in society, particularly regarding the elite’s control over the disadvantaged. Developed from the ideas of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, this approach attempts to show how the current power struggles in society are represented in every piece of literature. This literary approach can be applied to F. Scott Fitzgerald’s novel The Great Gatsby as the idea of wealth and status run rampant. Fitzgerald uses his novel as a means to reveal, and comment on, the lavish and extravagant lifestyles people were living in 1920s America. For example, Daisy is truly in love with Gatsby, but she would not marry him because she was not willing to give up her immense wealth and position in society. Instead, she married Tom, but it is clear that it was only for his money and social standing. This particular approach is effective when analyzing literature because it encourages an in-depth reading of the text and promotes the reader to view the text on a much larger scale. This approach will always be effective and relevant when analyzing literature because, according to the theory, a literary work always has a relationship to the society it is describing.
The Marxist approach is based on theories of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. It analyzes conflicts between different social classes and ideaologies that build up the elite and leave the working class at a disadvantage. In William Golding's Lord of the Flies, Ralph attempts to put himself on top and use Jack, his choir boys and the other young children as his workers, using Piggy as his right hand man. This later results and Jack and his gang to overthrow Ralph's government and start their own. They completely seperate themselves from Ralph and Piggy, who must struggle to survive on the island. In the end, Jack and Roger exterminate anyone who goes against their beliefs. This approach is useful in helping the reader see a correlation between social and class conflicts in both the novel and the real world.
Marxist criticism uses beliefs, created by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, which deal with ideologies that support those of a higher class and put those of a hard working class at a disadvantage. Part of Marx’s beliefs is the idea of a hard working lower class community overthrowing the higher capitalist class preceding them. This belief is constantly shown throughout the novel Animal Farm by George Orwell, in which a group of hard working farm animals believe they must fight back and overthrow the farmers that control them. The novel clearly displays Marx’s belief of overthrowing an exploiting and controlling class to gain control over your own class. I personally would not use this form of criticism because it tends to force the reader to take sides with one group over the other, instead of remaining impartial when analysing.
Marxist approach is a theory under Sociological Criticism, and it analyzes the fight between the upper and lower classes. Analyzing literature using this approach can allow the critic to see power struggles, social order, and any lack of knowledge about social order within characters. Macbeth by William Shakespeare shows power struggles and social order through the characters Macbeth and his wife, Lady Macbeth. Macbeth is told by the three witches that he will become the Thane of Cawdor and the King of Scotland, and when he becomes the Thane of Cawdor he wants more. Macbeth has to kill several people in order to become King; the people he killed threatened his chance of being King. For killing these people Macbeth slowly began to lose the trust of his people in Scotland, and in the end is killed by one of the Lords. His quick rise to power is the reason for his quick downfall. Marxist approach is an average way to analyze literature; it does not really go in depth into the characters but talks more about power and society. I don’t think I would use this type of approach when analyzing books because you require some sort of background information about the time period.
The Marxist criticism used in writing relates to the teachings of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Animal Farm, a novel written by George Orwell, is a satirical and allegorical representation of the Russian Revolution and the totalitarian regime at that time. The plot of the novel surrounds the two leaders, Snowball and Napoleon, who are portrayed as pigs as they attempt to overthrow what would be the upper middle class, represented as the farmer. They do this by recruiting the working class or the labourers, which are the rest of the animals on the farm. By convincing the working class that they deserve more than they receive, the pigs are able to gain control over the farm, creating a communist establishment. Personally, I would not use this approach when analyzing writing as it is very specific to the topic of the novel and would require twisting the idea of the book in order to fit the parameters of this approach.
In Marxist Criticisms, Literary texts are based on the socialist ideology of first introduced by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engel. Based on teachings, Marxists believe that authors are not inspired by random “divine” inspirations. Instead, they come from the social structure of the environment that surrounds the author. In The Great Gatsby, a Marxist critic would focus on the social structure of the characters. For instance, Tom and Daisy are of the upper class and live very high faluting life styles while characters like George and Myrtle are of the working class. The difference in their classes would be recognized by Marxist critics through the use of setting by Fitzgerald. Tom and Daisy live in the rich and wealthy area and George and Myrtle live in the area described as "ash-grey." I personally would not use this theory, simply because I live in a capitalist environment and much prefer a capitalist approach.
Marxist criticism was founded from the social and economic theories created by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Marxist critics use these theories to analyze class conflict caused by ideologies supporting the elite and putting the working class at a disadvantage. In George Orwell’s Animal Farm, the pigs employ all of the other animals to help them overthrow the farmer. Once the farmer, who represented the upper class, was taken out of the picture, the pigs began to consider themselves the elite of the farm. The pigs used their elite position and strategic propaganda to manipulate the other farm animals to do their bidding. This theory would be useful only if you had very strong background knowledge in Marxist theories. Since I do not know enough about Marxist theories, I would not personally use this to criticize literature until I understand more about the theories.
Marxist approach is concerned with labor practices, class theories, and economics, especially as concerned with the struggles of the poor and oppressed. One book that talks about this is A Tale of Two Cities. Throughout the novel there are various events that demonstrate the inequality of the classes, for example the people all fighting to taste some wine on the floor or someone from the second estate not worried at all that they killed a boy that belonged to the third estate. This theory allows one to examine the rights of society at the time as well as in the book. This is a strong reason why I would choose to use this theory in analyzing literature.
The Marxist approach is one that deals with economics and it analyzes the conditions, treatment and value of the workers or the working class present in a stories time frame. A book that can be viewed with this system can be Animal Farm by George Orwell, in it the animal characters represent the oppressed working people who, under communism, were supposed to be the championed class. Animal Farm is essentially pointing out the flaw of putting Marxism into practise by parodying Stalinist Russia. Personally I would not solely use this method to analyse a reading, I make note of the working classes ills, but it is not a leading issue unless pertinent to the tale.
my name is juan
Write something about yourself. No need to be fancy, just an overview.