Reader Response Criticism recognizes each reader or generation of reader as unique which results in completely different interpretation of the same work. An example of this would be two different generations reading To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee. Someone born in the 40's will react differently than someone born in the 90's. Someone born in the 40's will read it and see it just as reality and how the time period was with the racism and segregation while a 90's person will almost read it as fiction because it is hard for us to realize that racism was so evident and society wasn't always so open to new cultures and races as we are today. It all just depends on the person and what he/she has lived through to really know how someone will interpret something.
I would use reader response criticism because it allows one to try and look at a literary work in a different perspective by saying to ones self "how would a senior interpret this" and getting a better understanding of the work itself.
Reader-Response criticism is an approach that relies on the reader’s personal interpretation of the literary works. Everyone who reads the book is of a different generation, upbringing, and stages of life and, with different life experiences therefore they will interpret the literature work in a different way. The novel is critiqued on the way it shapes the reader’s experience, and the way it affects the reader’s view on the world. It attempts to express how the reader feels and thinks while analyzing the text personally. This theory was created in 1960 by Hans-Robert Jauss. This specific approach of criticism has caused some to be skeptical, as it focuses very heavily on the emotional aspect the literary work presents. The novel, The Alchemist by Paulo Coelho, is a novel about a young boy in the journey to achieve is personal dreas. The novel is brimming with philosophies and ideas about life, which a reader could easily relate to. The interpretations of The Alchemist are endless depending on the personal experiences and personality of the reader. For example, one who has dealt little with working to achieve a goal will have a much smaller effect from the novel then one who is in the pursuit of a desired goal. This type of criticism is not entirely effective because it is very subjective. It relates solely to each individual reader, and therefore the critique and the opinions of the work could vary endlessly. Although this type of criticism could be easily applied to any piece of literature, the criticism itself would not be very effective towards others because it is entirely based on personal interpretation.
There are billions of people on planet earth. In the midst of all of them, are the readers. Each one of them is unique. None shares the same experiences, morals, tastes etc. So when it comes to criticizing a piece of literature, each response will be different. The Reader Response criticism is exactly that. A personal response from each individual reader. This means the response will be positive or negative solely on the readers likes and/or dislikes. The novel To Kill a Mockingbird was a national bestseller. The author set up a brilliant plot that most readers can easily follow. As it was taught in grade ten at Sacred Heart. It held great significance in its portrayal of society in that time. The morals people had and their views on racism were clearly evident. Through his use of symbolism, the author was able to portray his ideas with great ease. The title itself is an example of symbolism. The book was a great read, flowed well and is a definite recommendation for any avid reader. In my opinion, I would not use the Reader Response criticism while evaluating a piece of literature. Solely because it is too bias.
The reader-response approach is a form of literary criticism that analyzes a literary piece through a reader’s individual interpretation. In Shakespeare’s A Merchant of Venice, Shylock is a Jew who is shunned and made fun of throughout the book. At the end of the book he is humiliated and is forced to give up his religion. In Shakespeare’s time it was normal and Anti-Sematic feelings were prevalent. A reader in this day and age would see this treatment of Shylock as monstrous, while in Shakespeare’s time it would have been considered funny. This type of criticism is not very effective because it depends solely on the reader to interpret the text; everyone would have a slightly different opinion on the work. These factors make this type of criticism hard to classify as being right or wrong.
Reader response criticism is a method of analyzing a piece of literature, with regards to the reader's own expierences, moral values, opinions and other such things. Animal Farm by George Orwell catalogues the lives of a number of barn animals, who overthrow their farmer masters and establish their own system of government. The entire novel is am allegory of Russian history, outlining the periods between the revolution and the second world war.I would never use the reader response approach, as it is too subjective; everyone is different, with vastly different expieriences and opinions. Someone with no knowledge of Russian history could very well interpret the novel as a warning to farmers about the cunning, sinister nature of pigs.
Reader Response approach deals with the idea that each reader will interpret a story a different way, depending on their upbringing, race, age, et cetera. It states that there is no one opinion on a novel, and there are endless interpretations. This applies greatly to the novel The Chrysalids, written by Jonathan Windhelm. The novel looks into the notion of stereotypes, and how they affect society. Each reader, depending on their age and other factors, will have a different reaction to these stereotypes – some will see them as true and just, while others will see the novel as cruel. Society is incredibly biased on certain issues, such as marriage, and this draws out a heavy sense of opinion from each reader. This approach to literature is very important when discussing a novel with others, because one must understand that there are endless views and interpretation of every book, and that one particular opinion is never the correct one. It gives people an opportunity to look at novels from all view points, thus gaining a stronger knowledge of it.
The Reader Response approach is a literary criticism method that suggests that each read is unique, and will react a different way to the story. Each reader has different experiences, moral values, opinions tastes, etc. and because of this each unique person will have a different experience when reading. The novel To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee deals with controversial topics including racism. When reading this book depending on your race, or your upbringing you might have reacting differently to the racism and the way Tom Robertson is treated in the book. This method can be used when discussing with other people, as you will get many different opinions. I would not use this method because it is too bias.
Reader response criticism sees the reader as essential to the interpretation of a work. Every reader is unique with different backgrounds; therefore every reader will have a different interpretation of a work. One example of reader response criticism would be the novel Lullabies for Little Criminals by Heather O’Neill. It is about a young girl named Baby, who becomes homeless after her father falls deeper than ever before into his heroin addiction. This novel could have a wide range of effects on the reader, depending on who is reading and interpreting the novel. For example, if one reader had been personally affected by the effects of substance addiction, they would interpret the novel much differently than a reader who has not been affected by drug addiction. The reader who has dealt with the struggles of drug addiction will be able to sympathize with the characters in this novel and understand some of the conflicts that they are facing. Also, a reader who is a parent will interpret this novel differently than a reader who does not have any children. The reader who has children of their own will be much more sympathetic towards Baby because they will be able to imagine their own children facing the same struggles that Baby must deal with. Although reader response criticism can easily be applied to any work, not just literature, it is far too biased and based solely on personal opinion to be considered useful to a collective group of readers.
As each reader is an individual with their unique opinions, each reader’s interaction with a work is also unique. This concept can be defined by reader response criticism. An example of this theory can be seen in my personal interaction with Shakespeare’s world renowned Romeo and Juliet. Although the work is arguably one of the most famous love stories of all time, I did not enjoy studying the work in class. I found the story very exaggerated, unrealistic and tragic for my taste. My life experiences, moral values and opinions biased my overall appreciation for the work. I would not use this theory when analyzing literature due to the complexity of each individual’s opinion. For example, I am unable to prove my opinions of the book. One may write an argumentative essay in attempts to persuade the reader why the work is exaggerated but it would remain an argumentative topic with the ability to be disproven. I do, however, believe the recursive reading process of rereading for different interpretations, but I believe that this process would aid in formalistic criticism and not reader response criticism.
Reader-response is a method of analysis where a novel’s interpretation can differ from reader to reader. This interpretation can be different based on past experiences, moral values, and opinions. An example of this would be the novel To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee. In the novel, Lee’s character Tom Robinson was accused of committing an act that he never committed. If someone has ever been accused of an act on false pretences then they may feel more involved when reading compared to someone who has never felt that feeling. I feel that this is an effective method of analysing a novel because it allows every reader to have a different and unique experience while reading the book. It also allows for many different interpretations from the readers.
The reader response method puts emphasis on the view that every readers experience of a book is different because of their seperate view, experiences, and values. When analyzing the young love of Romeo and Juliet in William Shakespeare's play Romeo and Juliet some readers would view their love as foolish as they both die for eachother. Others may view their love as something beautiful and that dying for eachother was right. I would use this method when analyzing literature, infact i believe we all are subject to this method, as we all are in fact individuals with differing opinions.
Reader-response criticism focuses on the reader’s response to literary works and how they receive the work. Each reader is unique so each interpretation of the work will be different. This can be applied to Harper Lee’s novel, To Kill a Mockingbird which is based on themes such as social inequality. At the time society did not hold the same view as they do today in most of North America. However, the same views may still be held in many places around the world. This is to say that individuals can have completely differing interpretations of the novel depending on time period, age, morals, religion and location. This criticism is not very effective when analyzing literature as it is biased and cannot be universally understood.
Readers response focuses on the readers experience of the literary work and uses the readers interests and imparts real existence to the work and completes its meaning through interpretation. In the book To Kill a Mockingbird a lot of symbolism, the views on racism during that time, and the personalities of people in that time period. Atticus Finch's character foreshadows a little on how life would be living in a couple of years by being the lawyer for the African American and treats him like he should be. However this is my opinion and that kind of approach would be using the readers response which could be flawed because everyone is different and will have a different approach than someone else.
The reader-response approach strives to uncover different interpretations of literary works. It analyzes aspects of a book that influence and guide each reader. Not every person's interpretation and reaction to the story will be the same. In Robert Louis Stevenson's The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, the issue of Multiple Personality Disorder is evident. In the time this was written, MPD was not a common disorder. No one knew what it was nor that it even existed. Now that more people have been diagnosed with such a disorder, readers from this age can understand Dr. Jekyll's need to protect his friends and himself from his own character. He had no control over the actions of Mr. Hyde, because Hyde is a whole other person living in the same body. This is a good approach because it allows every reader to have their own unique take on the subject. They don't need to think a certain way about the events taking place in the book. Each generation or different group of people can take the information as they please.
The Reader Response Approach focuses on what the reader took from the novel, rather than what the author meant to convey. It encourages one to read a novel after they had read it once before to understand self-growth through reinterpretation. Joseph Boyden's Three Day Road is a novel following two aboriginal soldiers in World War One. The first time I read it, in the ninth grade, I only cared for the war scenes. When I read it for the second time as a literature circle novel in grade eleven, I came to appreciate the sub-stories of love and loss, life and death, and truth and lies. I understood much better the symbolism and imagery used by Boyden to illustrate the horrors of war, and the continued struggles of the Aboriginal people. I would not use reader response for formal analysis because it is entirely subjective, thus making each novel vary in significance from person to person.
Reader response criticism has its primary focus on the uniqueness of the reader. Different readers have gone through difference experiences. Therefore, they will view the work in a unique fashion. For example, in Charles Dickens’ A Tale of Two Cities, how one may view Mr. Stryver will rely on their social experiences. If the reader analyzing the literature is a boss and taking advantage of people, the reader will see him as a strong, moral character. However, if the reader is a person who is often taken advantage of will view Mr. Stryver as an immoral character. This form of criticism would definitely be used when analyzing a novel. Any reader will use this form of criticism. One is forced to bring their uniqueness up when reading, and biased thoughts of a novel are always involved.
Reader-Response criticism is the idea that the work of literature is interpreted based on each reader’s personal interpretation of it. Everyone has had different experiences in their lives; they have different opinions, tastes, and perspectives on life, which ultimately affects how they will interpret the work of literature. In To Kill a Mockingbird, a novel by Harper Lee, Atticus Finch is appointed by the court to defend Tom Robinson, a black man who has been accused of raping a white woman. When the book was released in 1960, there was much more racism present in society, so whoever read the book would have probably enjoyed the fact that Tom was being prosecuted, and they would’ve hoped that he was convicted, whereas in present day society, racism is a much smaller issue, and anyone who reads the book now would be in favour of Atticus defending Tom and hope that Tom is not convicted. This approach, although it is not really effective, is automatically applied to any piece of literature, as it is impossible to write a form literature where the reader will not interpret it in their own way.
In this Reader-Response approach, the focus falls almost entirely on the reader, and it ignores both the author and the text. In this approach the act of reading is almost like a performance and there are no true interpretations or fixed meanings on anything written, it is different each time it is read and every symbolic reference is subjective. For example in The Odyssey by Homer at the time it was written it was seen as a embellished tale of a true event, a history of an actual Grecian hero/king. What an ancient Greek sees is a harrowing tale of endurance and the Grecian ideals made flesh. To us today it is a tale of pure fiction, a wonderful, creative and imaginative tale of an ancient culture. It provides an insight into a era that still mystifies us and provides inspiration for any form of media. Personally I think this is an interesting form of analysis but it should not be the sole one to be used.
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